Less than 10% of people who lose more than 10% of their body weight will maintain this weight loss for more than a year.
Total caloric intake has increased by 18%, total carbohydrate intake has increased by 41% since 1978. Obesity rate has more than doubled since the 1970s.
Prevalence of centenarians:
Meta-analyses of health outcomes studies show that medical care affects long-term health outcomes by about 10%, genetics determine about 20%, and the other 30% is a combination of social determinants – environment and behavior.
In 2012, the US spent $3.5 trillion in health care (highest in the world)
- ~18% of GDP
1% of the total population consumes 22% of medical care, 5% of the population accounted for 49%, and 50% of the population consumes only 3% of total health care expenditures
Chronic disease such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, and diabetes account for 75% of the dollars spent on health care. That is approximately $8000 for every American with a chronic disease.
Currently 140 million people in the United States with chronic conditions and that number is expected to rise to over 170 million by 2030. Over 30% of the Medicare population have a chronic condition, and 13% and 18% have two more chronic conditions, respectively.
Approximately 25% of cardiovascular deaths are avoidable
- ~60% of preventable deaths in ages < 65
The United States life expectancy of 78.4 years at birth ranks it 50th among 221 nations, and 27th out of the 34 industrialized OECD countries
Medicare spending in 2010 equaled $525 billion
- 3.6% of GDP
- 15% of federal budget
- 10% of population accounts for 58% of Medicare spending
- Patients with chronic illness in their last two years of life account for about 32% of total Medicare spendingMeta-analyses of health outcomes studies show that medical care affects long-term health outcomes by about 10%, genetics determine about 20%, and the other 30% is a combination of social determinants – environment and behavior.